Oral Myofunctional therapy is a structures, individualized therapy for establishing and/or restoring normal oral postures and functions. It is a form of orofacial orthopedics. It seeks to inhibit incorrect muscle movements and behaviors and to develop normal easy functions of the oral resting posture, swallowing,and speech articulation. Therapy may include any or all of the following:
1) Elimination of damaging oral habits( finger sucking,nail biting, tongue thrusting)
2) Reduction of unnecessary tension or pressure in the mouth and facial muscles
3) Strengthening muscles that do not adequately support normal oral functions.
4) Development of a normal resting postures for the tongue, jaw,lips, and facial muscles.
5) Establish normal, healthy biting, chewing and swallowing patterns.
The length and timing of therapy may vary depending on the severity and nature of the problem. In most cases, therapy is a short term process with several active stages . Follow up visits may likely be needed to re-evaluate proper muscle functions.